Lissette H. Degla 1,5, Julienne Kuiseu 1, Pascal A. Olounlade 1,3*, Sabbas Attindehou 2, Sylvie M. Hounzangbe-Adote 3, Patrick A. Edorh 4 and Latifou Lagnika 5
1Zootechnical Research and Livestock System Unit, Laboratory of Animal and Fisheries Sciences, Doctoral School of Agricultural and Water Sciences, National University of Agriculture, 01 BP: 55 Porto-Novo, Benin 2Animal Health and Biosecurity Research Unit, Laboratory of Animal and Fisheries Sciences, Doctoral School of Agricultural and Water Sciences, National University of Agriculture, 01 BP: 55 Porto-Novo, Benin 3Laboratory of Ethnopharmacology and Animal Health, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Benin 4Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health (LATSE), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Republic of Benin 5Laboratory of Biochemistry and Bioactive Natural Substances, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Abomey-Calavi, 04BP 0320, Cotonou, Benin
*Corresponding author: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Intestinal parasitosis is a significant health problem for animal husbandry, leading to economic losses. In the treatment of helminths, synthetic anthelmintics have long been used. However, cases of parasitic resistance to these anthelmintics have been reported worldwide. Solutions have been proposed to solve this problem. Among them is the use of medicinal plants with anthelmintic properties. This work suggests synthesizing the work carried out on evaluating the anthelmintic properties of medicinal plants used to treat intestinal parasitosis of small ruminants. According to the results of the ethnobotanical surveys reported, several medicinal plants are used by the populations to treat intestinal parasitosis of small ruminants. Evaluations of the anthelmintic properties in vitro and or in vivo of some of them have confirmed their potential to be used as an alternative for controlling intestinal parasitosis. However, these results obtained depend on the organ of the species used, the type of extract, and the application dose. Tannins, flavonoids, and essential oils are the secondary metabolites responsible for the anthelmintic activity of these medicinal plants with anthelmintic potential. The efficacy of a plant extract (or powder) also depends on the parasite used in the tests. The results of previous studies confirm the use of medicinal plants in the fight against intestinal parasitosis.