Article Details

PESTICIDE INDUCED HEMATOLOGICAL, BIOCHEMICAL AND GENOTOXIC CHANGES IN FISH: A REVIEW

Rabia Tahir1, Abdul Ghaffar1,*, Ghulam Abbas2, Tanveer Hussain Turabi3, Shabana Kusar4, Xiaoxia Du5, Samia Naz6, Habiba Jamil1, Samra7, Sana Riaz1 and Sherein S Abdelgayed8,*
1Department of Zoology, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
2Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan
3Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
4Department of Chemistry, Government College Women University Faisalabad, Pakistan
5Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College, Weifang, China
6Department of Zoology, Government Sadiq College Women University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
7Department of Zoology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
8Pathology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
*Corresponding author: dr.abdul.ghaffar@iub.edu.pk (AG); sherein.abdelgayed@vet.cu.edu.eg (SSA)

Pesticides are widely used in agricultural advancement sector of entire world for increasing crop yield. However, its exposure is not limited only to target organisms instead it is affecting various non-target organisms among which fish being the most prominent one. In severe cases acute amount of various pesticides caused death of fish while lethal changes observed in case of lower amount of these pesticides. Changes in hematological parameters like red blood cells, white blood cells or plasma and serum level alterations leading to histological changes involving liver, kidneys, gills, muscles, brain, intestine in many species of fish exposed to different pesticides. Moreover, genotoxicity was also observed in many cases induced by different categories of pesticides. Extensive and continuous usage of these toxicants affecting the aquatic systems at severe level as a result getting bio-accumulated in food chain. This article emphasized over the pesticidal induced hematological and serum level alterations observed in fish.

Keywords: Pesticides, fish, toxicity, hematological changes, serological changes.

How to cite this article: 
Tahir R, Ghaffar A, Abbas G, Turabi TH, Kausar S, Xiaoxia Du, Naz S, Jamil H, Samra, Riaz S and Abdelgayed SS, 2021. Pesticide induced hematological, biochemical and genotoxic changes in fish: A review. Agrobiological Records 3: 41-57.
https://doi.org/10.47278/journal.abr/2021.005