FACTORS INFLUENCING THE INCIDENCE OF Eimeria leuckarti IN HORSES
Tauseef-ur-Rehman1*, Zohaib Saeed, Muhammad Arfan Zaman3, Arbab Sikandar3 and Hafiz Muhammad Ali1
1Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur-63100, Pakistan
2Department of Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Jhang, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Cross sectional study was planned to figure out the prevalence rate of Eimeria (E.) leuckarti in horses and factors influencing its occurrence in district TT Singh, Punjab, Pakistan. From April 2009 to March 2010, equine feces were collected. Two stage cluster method was adopted for random selection of horses. Total of 484 fecal samples were collected from whole district and collected samples were subjected to quantitative floatation method. It was found that 50.41% of sampled horses were positive for E. leuckarti with prevalence reaching to its peak in August (OR=1.156; χ2=20.055) while lowest occurence was recorded in April, May and June, coinciding with the period of lowest humidity and precipitation of the year in Pakistan. It can be inferred from these observations that wet season seems to be favorable for propagation of this disease. Foals (62.94%; OR=0.422; χ2=20.825) were found to be more susceptible (P<0.05) to E. leuckarti in comparison to adults (41.81%) while mares with prevalence of 56.48% (OR=0.512; χ2=13.265) were found to be more susceptible (P<0.05) as compared to and male horses (35.04%). Horses kept on non-cemented floor, mix farming with other animals, given food on ground and watered in ponds/common places were found to have higher rates of prevalence of E. leuckarti (P<0.05) in comparison to those kept on cemented/ partially cemented floor, separate farming, food in trough and tap watered, respectively. It is inferred from findings of this survey that disease can be controlled by improving management systems.
Keywords: Eimeria Leuckarti, Epidemiology, Equine, Pakistan