BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATIONS OF BLACKBUCK (Antilope cervicapra): A REVIEW
Rabia Tahir1, Abdul Ghaffar1*, Samra2, Jaweria Zafar3, Tanveer Hussain Turabi4, Xiaoxia Du 5*, Sangam Khalil4, Muhammad Safeer4, Sana Riaz1, Habiba Jamil1 and Umair Noor1
¹Department of Zoology, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan,
2Department of Zoology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan,
3Department of Zoology, Govt. Post Graduate College (W), Satellite Town, Gujranwala, Pakistan,
4Department of Forestry and Wildlife, University College of Agriculture and environmental Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan,
5Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College, Weifang 261061, China.
*Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org (AG); email@example.com (XD)
Blackbuck is the existing members of genus Antilope which is most elegant and graceful among all Antelopes of Asia with distinct sexual dimorphism. Blackbuck show endemism in Pakistan, Nepal and India occupying mainly the semi-arid grassland areas. The name of species attributes towards the dark brownish to blackish coat color of male species. While female and the young ones are tawny or yellow. Chin undersides of legs and chest are white in both male and female individuals. Males have whorled horns with 79cm length with absence in females. The average body length of this animal is 100-150cm with the tail length of 10-17cm. The average body weight for male is 20-57kg and for female 19-33kg. Thin grassy forests, open and semi-desert areas are good habitat for it. Being diurnal and herbivorous, it acts as both grazers and browsers. It is the fastest animal with an average speed of 80km/h. It remains reproductively functional whole year. Reproductive disorders including dystocia and different infectious diseases due to ectoparasites, endoparasites, bacteria and viruses affect these species. Habitat loss, stress, illegal killing and genetic troubles cause the species to be ‘Extinct in the Wildlife’ in Pakistan so conservation strategies are underway for species protection. It is indispensable for zoologists and conservational biologists to observe the species for its conservation and confronting threats. Review article highlighted necessary information about species, which will clear the way for further research on species.
Keywords: Antilope cervicapra, Herbivorous, Endemic in Pakistan, Sexual Dimorphism, Siwaliks, Diurnal, ‘Extinct in the Wild’ in Pakistan.