Role of Essential Oils/Volatile Oils in Poultry Production: A Review on Present, Past and Future Contemplations

Qasim Saleem Raza1, Muhammad Kashif Saleemi1,*, Shafia Tehseen Gul1, Hamid Irshad2, Ahad Fayyaz1, Iqra Zaheer1, Muhammad Waseem Tahir1, Zahida Fatima2, Tahir Zahoor Chohan3, Muhammad Imran1, Hadia Ali1, Hafiz Muhammad Salman Khalid1 Maria Jamil1Muhammad Irfan Zaheer 4 and Ahrar Khan1,5,*

1 Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 2 PARC National Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad, Pakistan: 3 Pakistan Agriculture Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan, 4 Poultry Research Institute Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 1,5 Shandong Vocational Animal Science and Veterinary College, Weifang 261061, China

Corresponding Authors: drkashif313@gmail.com (MKS); ahrar1122@yahoo.com (AK)

Now-a-days poultry production has high demand all over the world and for this purpose performance parameters are maximized for example fast growing of chicken with low usage of feed and with better health status of the flock. This increasing demand has led to use of many antibiotic free products. There is an increased pressure to decrease the amount of antibiotics which is used as bacteriostatic or bactericidal agents for poultry so there is an utmost need for unconventional resolutions to sustain the productivity and efficacy of poultry. Amongst the substitutions, essential oils (EOs) have a prodigious potential and are usually thought to be natural, also free from hazardous deposits and chemicals and less toxic. EOs are plant-based extracts and there are about 3,000 known Eos out of which 300 are identified as useful and commercially important. It is proven that EOs have abundant in vitro and in vivo research to yield special effects on numerous pathogens including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. The current review provides the information on fundamentals of EOs, the anti-oxidation and immunomodulatory characteristics, the growth promoting effects, and the activities of EOs against variety of pathogens in animals/poultry.

Key words: Essential oils, Broiler/layer, Immunity, Antibiotics, Pathogens

How to cite this article: 
Raza QS, Saleemi MK, Gul ST, Irshad H, Fayyaz A, Zaheer I, Tahir MW, Fatima Z, Chohan TZ, Imran M, Ali H, Khalid HMS, Jamil M, Zaheer MI and Khan A, 2022. Role of essential oils/volatile oils in poultry production: A review on present, past and future contemplations.
Agrobiological Records 7: 40-56. https://doi.org/10.47278/journal.abr/2021.013